Working Papers of Slovenian Evaluation Society, vol.6/no.2(Aug.2013).

Abstract: Recent wave of mass popular dissent reminds that it is necessary to understand social dynamics also from the perspective of social exclusion. Landauer (1900) inquired how to create alternative community with “the inclusion of the excluded as excluded” (Agamben, 1999). Antisystem movements are driver of this process but they suffer from an organisational problem. They refuse vertical structuration as their exclusion itself is the result of over structured society. So they fail to perform together against the system which hampers their effectiveness in achieving radical goals from the inside. We hypothesise that movements need to resolve the problem with abandoning programmatic similarity as a common denominator of their structuration. It is observed that movements were usually more radical in their programs than in their operation, or vice versa. Their action-program footprints are inconsistent, unless they link with movements with symmetrical opposite footprint. This strategy of structuration reconstructs their internal inconsistency in a heterogeneous way that does not imperil their diversity. Three coalitions are obtained: quasi, semi and orto-antisystemic which complement each other in mobilisation, production of autonomous alternatives and in capacity to defend the boundaries of autonomy. Resolution of organisational problem is precondition for emergence of antisystem structure.

Emergence of the Antisystem structure decomposes the initial antisystem conflict between society and the system (institutions), between freedom and order or ‘the good’ and ‘the bad’ (Pasquino). Initial antisystem conflict decomposes into two separate confrontations: first, a conflict between two competing structures (system vs. antisystem, as order vs. order, bad against bad) and second, between competing social concerns (good against good, freedom vs. freedom). Deantagonisation of social relations will free enormous co-operative potential among members searching for a middle-ground between different manifestations of the good instead of against the bad. 

Here exclusion is not concerned any more with dark side of society, but establishes itself as a starting point for reasoning about alternative social strategies.